# How to Check for `NaN` in JavaScript

When dealing with `NaN`

in your projects, it is important to understand what `NaNs`

are and how they work. `NaN`

is a non-writable, non-configurable, non-enumerable property of the global object. A tricky thing about `NaNs`

is that `NaN !== NaN`

and `Number.NaN !== NaN`

. We recommend using `Number.isNaN()`

over `isNan()`

as it will only check if the given value would result in a `NaN`

if you tried to convert it to a number. Instead you can do the following:

```
Number.isNaN(NaN); // true
Number.isNaN('test'); // false
let text = 'hello world!';
Number.isNaN(text); // false
text = +text; // shortcut to convert a string to a number
Number.isNaN(text); // true
```

`isNaN()`

on the other hand would check if the value would be a `NaN`

if it was converted to a number. We recommend not using `isNaN()`

as it gives surprising behavior.

```
isNaN(NaN); // true
isNaN('test'); // true
isNaN(2); // false
isNaN('2'); // false
```

Another interesting thing about `NaNs`

is that arrays have a hard time with them. For example, `arr.includes(NaN)`

will return true if there is a `NaN`

in the array whereas `arr.indexOf(NaN)`

will return -1 with or without a `NaN`

in the array. That's because `includes()`

uses a different equality algorithm than `indexOf()`

.]

If you want the `indexOf()`

a `NaN`

in an array then ironically enough you should use `findIndex()`

as follows: `arr.findIndex(n => Number.isNaN(n))`

.

```
let arr = ['1','2','3','4',NaN,'5'];
arr.findIndex(n => Number.isNaN(n)); // 4
```

## More Fundamentals Tutorials

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- The encodeURIComponent() Function in JavaScript
- How to Check if a Date is Between Two Dates in JavaScript
- Check a String for Numbers in JavaScript
- Rename Variables When Using Object Destructuring in JavaScript
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