How to Check if a Variable is an Integer in JavaScript

Jan 13, 2022

To check if a variable is an integer in JavaScript, use Number.isInteger(). Number.isInteger() returns true or false depending on the parameter provided.

let example = 12.1;
Number.isInteger(example); // false
example = 12;
Number.isInteger(example); // true
example = Infinity;
Number.isInteger(example); // false

Non-numeric values will return false, even if the value is an instance of the Number class.

Number.isInteger(null); // false
Number.isInteger('42'); // false
Number.isInteger(new Number(5)); // false

Remember that JavaScript can only represent up to 16 decimal places, so Number.isInteger() may return surprising results in cases where JavaScript doesn't have sufficient numeric precision to represent the output.

let example = 5 + 1e-16;
Number.isInteger(example); // true

example = 5 + 5e-16;
Number.isInteger(example); // false

Did you find this tutorial useful? Say thanks by starring our repo on GitHub!

More Fundamentals Tutorials