slice() functions both let you extract substrings from a string.
But they have a couple of key differences that you need to be aware of.
slice(), when you enter a negative number as an argument, the
slice() interprets it as counting from the end of the string.
substring(), it will treat a negative value as zero.
const sentence = 'Mastering JS is a very helpful website'; sentence.slice(-7); // 'website' sentence.substring(-5, 12); // 'Mastering JS' sentence.slice(0, -26); // 'Mastering JS'
A big difference with
substring() is that if the 1st argument is greater than the 2nd argument,
substring() will swap them.
slice() returns an empty string if the 1st argument is greater than the 2nd argument.
const sentence = 'Mastering JS is a very helpful website'; sentence.substring(12, 0); // 'Mastering JS' sentence.slice(12, 0); // '' sentence.slice(0, 12); // 'Mastering JS'
We recommend using
substring() unless you need the argument swapping feature.
The negative numbers feature is extremely useful, and it is easier to remember than the difference between